Dr. Maté, who once dismissed the hallucinogenic tea, now runs ayahuasca sessions twice a year.
Antidepressants May Have Impaired Woman In Texting Suicide Case Psychiatrist Says In Controversial Testimony
A 20-year-old woman pleaded not guilty to charges that she encouraged her boyfriend's suicide via text and Facebook messages.
The younger the patient, the less likely they are to receive medications like Suboxone or Vivitrol to treat their opioid addiction.
On the third day of the program, children are given the chance to talk to their loved one about how the disease of addiction has affected them.
A 20-year-old woman pleaded not guilty to charges that she encouraged her boyfriend's suicide via text and Facebook messages.
Cocaine tops the list as the most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States, after marijuana and heroin, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Overdose from cocaine consists of about 10% of the total admission in public-funded abuse treatment programs.
However, in a study which the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime conducted, cocaine is one of the most expensive illegal drugs in the black market. In a 2015 Global Drug Survey, a gram of cocaine cost about 80 USD. This will make you wonder what cocaine is made of and how it is made to yield this kind of amount in the market. Before delving yourself in this kind of information, you must first know what cocaine is.
Cocaine is primarily made of extract from coca leaves, native to South America. But it can also contain several ingredients like cornstarch, talcum powder, powdered milk and other substances once it is diluted or “cut.” This drug can over stimulate the central nervous system and contains anesthetic properties. For hundreds of years, South American people use the coca leaves whenever they need an energy boost. The cocaine plant is relatively harmless but once chemically synthesized it can produce short- and long-term dangerous effects. Street names of cocaine include Crack, Rock, Coke, Snow, Candy, Blow, Flake and Charlie.
How is Cocaine Made?
After marijuana, cocaine is the most widespread drug in the US but few people understand where it comes from.
To make just a kilo of cocaine, coca farmers need to hand pick 1,000 kilos of coca leaves. After harvesting the leaves, they laid it out under the sun. Famers will let the leaves dry in the sun for about half to full day. The leaves will somewhat dry out and ready for the next step. There are two ways to extract cocaine from the basic coca leaf plant, using solvents or using acid-based chemicals.
Cocaine extraction using solvents
Once the leaves are dried out, it is finely chopped and dusted with lime or carbonate salt along with a small amount of water. Some manufacturers will use a weed-whacker to complete this process. Some people may just do it by hand. After the leaves have been cut, makers will sprinkle a small amount of cement powder. Then ammonia and lime are added to the leaves. Next, they will spray diesel or kerosene over the leaves and strongly stirred up for three days. The process will remove the cocaine from the leaves and into the liquid mixture. The makers may use a washing machine or cement mixer while some poor manufacturers will just do it by hand.
The ingredients will help separate cocaine from the leaves. Manufacturers will heat the liquid to eliminate any wax from the coca leaves. The mixture will then be filtered to separate cocaine from the leafy concoctions. Initially, the mixture will look like a large amount of liquid mixture. Makers will then add sulfuric acid and re-mix it again. This will transform the cocaine free base to cocaine sulfate.
Manufacturers or makers will let the mixture sit for some time. During this process, cocaine sulfate will separate from the mixture. After the separation process, makers will then add lime or caustic soda. This will neutralize the sulfuric acid; the by-product of the chemical is a sticky yellow solid mixture. Again, this paste is dried then package and shipped to another location for additional handling and extraction.
Cocaine paste extraction using acid
Another procedure to make cocaine is using acid-based chemicals to extract the drug. Makers pour the leaves of the coca plant in a container with dilutes sulfuric acid. Makers need to work exuberantly to soften the mixture which usually lasts for about 2 hours. The acid in the container will transform the leaves to cocaine sulfate. To remove unnecessary waxy deposit, makers will drain the chemical and then heated. The rest of the mixture will undergo filtration process to remove any remaining plant residues.
Lime or carbonated chemicals are added to the mixture, makers stirred the ingredients vigorously. The result of the concoction is called coca paste. Makers will then add kerosene and re-filter the concoction for further sulfuric acid treatment.
From ‘paste’ to Street Cocaine
After the coca extraction process, it needs further processing to change the mixture from chemical concoction to an ingestible substance. The mixture will undergo purification process, in which it is dissolved in a small amount of diluted sulfuric acid. Next, an exact measurement of potassium permanganate is added to the mixture. As a potent oxidizing agent, it removes the impurities in the coca paste. It even changes the color of the paste from a brown-yellowish color to an almost translucent white color. The translucent, acidic solution by-product is then filtered and treated with the chemical ammonia to neutralize the acid.
Before it reaches the black market, the ‘raw’ cocaine is further dried to transform it into cocaine hydrochloride. The final result is the street product that circulated the black market with crystal-like properties that produce a numbing effect.
In order for the users to inject cocaine, it must be water soluble. If not, the drug will just form in clumps and can lead to cardiac arrest. As a salt, users can both inject and snort cocaine which the body can easily absorb.
Changing Cocaine to Crack Cocaine
Considered as the most powerful form of cocaine, crack cocaine produces a very powerful high. With regular abuse, it is often associated with intense energy, hyperactivity, aggression, and even paranoia. Most people convert hydrochloride into a solid substance of freebase cocaine. To produced crack cocaine, makers will add sodium bicarbonate or ammonia. In this form, users commonly heat the drug and smoke it using glass pipe and inhaling the smoke or vapor.
Detox of South Florida is committed to providing educational articles to help those who are struggling with addiction, to make the change to living an addiction free life.
Get help from the nearest rehab and detox center in Okeechobee.
Check out this playlist for more help.
[button link=”tel:863-623-4923″ type=”big” color=”green” newwindow=”yes”] Call Now![/button]
How Cocaine is Made | Okeechobee is republished from detoxofsouthflorida.com/blog
Every time I wanted to steal I’d think of that lady putting a steak in her purse.
It’s a tragic irony that Kinkade, a man dedicated to bringing so much light into the world, was constantly wrestling with his own darkness.
Study: imprisoning drug offenders doesn't affect use, Ohio coroner says fentanyl now found in MJ, Carrie Fisher's daughter: Mom battled drug addiction and mental illness her entire life.
The Foods You Eat Can Help Prevent Relapse!
Nutrition plays a vital role when someone enters recovery. Why? Because the eating habits you form early on in addiction recovery are the foundation for a balanced diet that can help reduce the chance of relapse. In fact, providing the body with proper nutrition is important in building neurotransmitters like dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. It’s also important to provide the body with the optimal amount of energy it requires.
So, what should you eat in addiction recovery? Here, we outline what your diet SHOULD and SHOULD NOT consist of, and we also suggest what a healthy and recommended day of meals and snacks may look like. Then, we invite you to send us any questions that you may have at the bottom of the page.
A Recovering Addict’s Palate
Prolonged use of drugs or alcohol can cause a person’s palate and taste buds to change. Foods that you used to enjoy may no longer taste like the delicious foods you remember. So, if you grew up eating the occasional salad or vegetable, your tastes may have changed…chemically!
Seeking instant gratification, many people in early recovery often choose to eat greasy fast foods and other processed foods instead of nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables. These processed foods have addictive qualities, not to mention they are loaded with fats and extra sugar, which can:
Transitioning A Diet During Recovery
The early stages of addiction treatment bring significant lifestyle adjustments. So, over the course of the recovery process, it may seem like your life has been completely overhauled. After making so much internal progress, the last thing you probably want to change is your comfort food. Where else can you get your comfort?
CONSIDER THIS: While changing your diet may seem like a feat you are not ready to conquer, it is one of the most important contributors to long-term sobriety.
Using substances that are damaging to your body can weaken the immune system and do even more internal damage than what is visible from your outward appearance. While you may feel better compared to how you felt while you were using, a healthy, whole foods diet can improve your wellbeing tenfold.
What Should A Recovering Addict’s Diet Look Like?
Someone in recovery should eat whole, organic foods. These foods nourish the body so it can perform to its fullest potential.
Taking vitamins and supplements is a great way to increase the intake of the nutrients your body needs. However, it’s important to know that supplements alone cannot provide the body with everything it requires to recover from nutritional deficiency. They are important, but do not work the same way whole foods do. For instance, fibers from fruit and leafy greens work more effectively within the body than simply taking a fiber supplement.
Suggestions for Main Changes to Your Diet
So, what exactly does this new healthy diet look like? Just like anyone starting a new diet, it takes time to get accustomed to a new routine. Don’t worry. It will become second nature before you know it. The main diet change will be eating approximately every three hours. Providing a continuous source of energy will sustain the body and keep the metabolism going.
We have all been told that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and it’s true. Breakfast jumpstarts our metabolism, providing energy for the body. Try mixing up a fruit smoothie with Greek yogurt or almond milk. The real sugar from the fruit breaks down naturally in your body for a sustained source of energy. The Greek yogurt contains protein as well as probiotics, which are believed to promote digestive health. And a healthy functioning colon boosts the immune system and fights food-borne illnesses.
For a morning snack, go for whole-grain foods like oatmeal or whole-grain toast. Top it off with almond butter and add a hard-boiled egg on the side for protein to keep you full throughout the morning.
For lunch, make sure to include protein-rich foods that will sustain your energy levels. Proteins like chicken, beef, and fish are good sources of amino acids, which function as food for the brain and creates bridges to the brain’s pleasure centers.
Along with the protein, include a large plate of mixed veggies. Try making a salad, or steaming some kale with carrots and snap peas. If veggies are not your go-to, substitute them for lentils. They are rich in dietary fiber, and contain a variety of vitamins.
Reach for some vegetables and hummus as a mid-day snack. Hummus is a great source of healthy, unsaturated fat. It contains omega-3’s and also improves cholesterol. Avocados are another great snack option providing omega-3 fatty acids. Other alternatives include eating an apple with almond butter, or trying rice cakes with cottage cheese.
For dinner, it’s important to include foods from each food group. For grains, opt for a whole-grain brown rice, and top that with a protein of your choice. Add a side of steamed or sautéed vegetables, and for additional fiber, make a side salad topped with dried fruit or nuts. Remember to incorporate plenty of protein into your dinner routine, as amino acids help improve your brain’s ability to make neurotransmitters that fight depression and anxiety.
Foods to Avoid in Addiction Recovery
While transitioning into this new diet’s plan, it’s important to avoid:
Nutritional Questions RE: Addiction Treatment?
Do you have more questions about diet and nutrition in addiction recovery? We’d love to hear them! Please send us your questions via the comments section at the bottom of the page and we’ll do our best to provide personal and prompt response to all legitimate inquiries.
Copyright © 2011
This feed is for personal, non-commercial use only.
The use of this feed on other websites breaches copyright. If this content is not in your news reader, it makes the page you are viewing an infringement of the copyright. (Digital Fingerprint: